Friday, June 10, 2011

Clichés–Are They Really That Bad?

Summer is the time for conferences and vacations. Time to use the longer days and time off for writing and editing.With so many writers doing serious editing right now or doing word count challenges and preparing for NaNo summer camp, I thought it would be good to offer a few craft articles.

Here's one from, Beth Hill, Fiction Editor.

Are clichés really that bad for your novels? The short answer is yes, they truly are. And a slew of clichés in a novel or short story is much worse than a single one that manages to get past your internal editor.

But because I’m not one for a short answer, I’ll expand and explain why clichés don’t add anything positive to your novel and why instead they detract from it.
Clichés are overused expressions that at one time might have been original. They can be used as shortcuts—she’s as cute as a button, I’ve painted myself into a corner, it’s as easy as pie—when we don’t want to make the effort of searching for a new description or finding that perfect verb. In speech, clichés are common; using them makes for quick communication.
But in novels, and even in shorter fiction, clichés serve to make the reading bland and stale. They are someone else’s words brought into a new plot. The cliché may not fit the character, the setting, the era, the social background of the story, or the genre.

Using clichés is like wearing someone else’s old and dirty clothes. They might have looked good at one time, but they don’t look good anymore. They don’t fit right and they don’t smell too good and they do nothing to improve your looks and bearing.
They. Don’t. Fit. Not as well as fresh words written for a particular story and specific characters would fit.
Instead of bland and lifeless, old and stale, you want to create phrases that are fresh and new and eye-catching and arresting. You want to draw readers deeper into your fiction by matching words and phrases to your characters and plot, phrases that no other story has. If you’ve used common phrases—phrases that fit any story—you know they don’t fit yours. Not the way new and exact phrases, crafted specifically for a particular story, would fit.
Puzzle pieces can’t be forced into a puzzle where they don’t belong, not if you want the puzzle to come out right. Words shouldn’t be forced into a story where they don’t fit.
Word choice is one of the strongest tools for making your story original. Unique. Why force inexact words into your writing? Why take the tired and common and mix them into your fresh passages? Why dump in bland when you’re trying to write something that stands out?
You could argue that a character speaks in clichés. And she might. There’s nothing wrong with giving quirks to a character. But all your characters won’t use clichés. And your omniscient narrator shouldn’t (unless you’re going after a certain effect).
Words carry a story’s flavor. Sprinkle yours with phrases that are sweet or spicy or bitter, not with old words that reek of rot and decay.
Don’t serve your readers tired words. They want vibrant phrases that mean something, not dull phrases that have lost their significance.
Go for bold and fresh rather than trite and sour. Use your words. Create new phrases, new similes and metaphors, that tighten your story threads. Use phrases to anchor your characters to your setting and plot.
Using clichés is like using someone else’s melody in your music or thinking someone else’s thoughts—their melody would be discordant inside yours; their thoughts wouldn’t help you get through your day.
Not only don’t clichés add to your writing, they can weaken it. Common phrases can turn off readers, they can keep you from weaving a tight story with no holes. Because they come to us so easily, we may write clichés without thought, without asking what those phrases add to the story and which direction they’re sending the plot.
Do clichés say exactly what you mean? Not often. And if you slave over your other words, why would you let less exacting words slip in to dilute your descriptions or dialogue or action?
Practice creating fresh phrases. Take clichés and change them—as cold as ice, as black as sin, he’s got a couple of screws loose, her head’s always in the clouds. Be creative. See what happens when you put your slant or personality on such phrases.
Then look at your own writing. Take out the common and put in something new, something that your character would think as he looks at the sky or at his wife or at his enemy. What kinds of words would he use, a man of his background, especially in the circumstances in which he finds himself?
Use words and phrases that reveal character that reveal motivation or intention. Use words that reflect your story’s genre and reveal your story’s theme.
Root out clichés and tired phrases from your manuscripts and then create your own phrases. Produce melodies in your words. Give your works a fresh and vibrant flavor, a flavor your readers will appreciate and savor and want to experience again and again.
For fun, a cliché-riddled blurb…
I had to reach the end of my rope before I could reach for the stars. I had to hope against hope that I’d soon see the light at the end of the tunnel. After all, what comes around goes around, and I’d spread it around pretty thick.
I wasn’t yet out of the woods or in the clear. But time was running out and I needed to wake up and smell the coffee. The mob wanted to see me six feet under, but I wasn't ready to buy the farm. Their enforcer had tried to eighty-six me, but he missed by a hair and now he’s eating crow. He’d come armed to the teeth, yet he’d bitten off more than he could chew with me. I had an ace in the hole—when Armand sent him after me, it was the straw that broke the camel’s back and I was madder than a wet hen and fit to be tied. Ordering a hit on me got my dander up, and I saw red, so I fought back like a man possessed.
Nah, I’m not just another pretty face; I’m built like a tank. That enforcer discovered actions speak louder than words. When I clobbered him, with both of us sweatin’ like pigs, you could hear a pin drop. I laid down the law and I haven’t seen hide nor hair of him since.
So, life goes on. At least mine does. And while I’m reaching for those stars, my feet firmly tethered to the earth, I’m gonna roll with the punches, remember I’m in it for the long haul, and fly by the seat of my pants when I’m not dancing with the devil. I’ll be cool as a cucumber and as sweet as sugar unless someone gets my goat. And then I’ll turn over a new leaf.
Life’s too short to always be fighting against the tide; sometimes you gotta go with the flow. It’s not always win-win because you win some and you lose some, and besides, it’s not about winning, but how you play the game.
I've been laying it on thick, but this could be the start of something big, so I want to be ready for anything.
Better quit while I’m ahead. Besides, I've got other fish to fry.


~Sia McKye~ said...

Beth, I didn't think there were that many cliches, lol! Love the blurb!

Hilary said...

Hi Sia .. Beth is so right .. because when we speak to someone, we can see that they don't understand the saying ... or they can ask what we mean .. whereas if it's an English expression and not an American one for instance .. then it's lost in translation ...

Great post - thanks Beth .. cheers Sia - have good weekends .. Hilary

Beth said...

Hi, Sia. The number of cliches is amazing.

Cliches do clue us in quickly, but as Hilary said, first you have to understand them. And if you use them too often in your writing, they dilute the original flavor you tried so hard to create.

Sia, thanks for having me to Over Coffee--always a pleasure. Thanks, Hilary. A good weekend to you too.

tonya kappes said...

Great post, Beth. Tooo funny! Tight as bark on a tree is one of my old favorites though:) Or slick as cat guts or he's no bigger than a cake of soap....I could go on for days with hillbilly cliches! (lol read that out loud!)

Mason Canyon said...

Beth, great post and advice. It's amazing how many cliches we use in everyday life.

Sia, thanks for the introduction. Have a great weekend.

Thoughts in Progress
Freelance Editing By Mason

Anonymous said...

One could write a book using cliches. I try to stay away from them, although I do use them in character conversation from time to time. I think properly placed they're okay.

Sheila Deeth said...

Nice explanation of how to build on cliches. I love the cliche blurb!

Kat Sheridan said...

Beth, your example had me laughing out loud! I dislike cliches because so many of them make so little sense. Easy as pie? Trust me. I've made pie. Unless you're using store-bought crust and dump in canned filling, there is nothing easy about pie (unlike easy as falling off a log, which I've done so many times it's a wonder I'm not in a full body cast.

As for your other examples, how about "black as a chimney sweep's butt", or "as cold as his ex-wife's hooha". LOL

Alex J. Cavanaugh said...

I still ended up with a few cliches by accident, but since I write science fiction set in another universe, I was trying to avoid earthly terms - and that eliminated most of the cliches. Not all, but many!

Dana Fredsti said...

Kat, I was gonna cite "easy as pie" as making no sense too! Pie crust. Feh! It is my sworn enemy.

VERY fun post, Beth!

Beth said...

Sorry to have been AWOL, Sia and gang! Cliches can be fun or annoying, depending on what you're trying to do.

Sheila, good to see you. That blurb was awful, wasn't it?

Easy as pie, Kat? Maybe they actually mean as easy as eating pie. I can do that very easily.

Alex, I bet you could make up some great new terms. Have fun with it.

Tonya, I've never heard the cake of soap one, but I like it.

Mason, thanks for dropping in today. A good weekend to you too.

Stephen, I think they sometimes sneak up on us. I also use them in dialogue from time to time. Real people would use them, so characters probably would speak that way as well.

Dana, my sister-in-law makes the best crust flawlessly every time. I haven't asked how she does it--I don't want to be responsible for knowing and thus having to bake.

Thanks, all, for letting us know you were here.